Philip and Mary, 1554-58

Key Events

 1554  Mary marries Philip of Spain heir to the Spanish throne.
 1554  Four months after Mary’s accession, Parliament meets to re-establish Catholicism in England
 1554  The persecution of Protestants begins, the heresy laws are revived, and England is reconciled to Papal authority.
 1555  Protestant bishops are burned at the stake for heresy.
 1555  Princess Elizabeth (later Elizabeth I) is released from the Tower of London
 1556  Cardinal Reginald Pole is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
 1556  Thomas Cranmer, former Archbishop of Canterbury, is burned at the stake for heresy.
 1556  Philip becomes King Philip II of Spain; he leaves England, never to return
 1557  Philip II persuades Mary to declare war on France as an ally of Spain.
 1558  Port of Calais, the last English possession in France, is captured by the French.
 1558  Mary dies at St.James’s Palace, London.


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A collection of predominantly English coins from the Tudor era to the present day

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