Anne, 1702-14

Key Events

 1702 Anne succeeds her brother-in-law, William III.
 1702 England declares war on France in the War of the Spanish Succession
 1704 English, Bavarian, and Austrian troops under Marlborough defeat the French at the Battle of Blenheim and save Austria from invasion.
 1704 British capture Gibraltar from Spain.
 1706 Marlborough defeats the French at the Battle of Ramillies, and expels the French from the Netherlands.
 1707 The Act of Union unites the kingdoms of England and Scotland and transfers the seat of Scottish government to London.
 1708 Marlborough defeats the French at the Battle of Oudenarde. .
 1708 Anne vetoes a parliamentary bill to reorganize the Scottish militia, the last time a bill is vetoed by the sovereign.
 1708 James Edward Stuart, ‘The Old Pretender’, arrives in Scotland in an unsuccessful attempt to gain the throne.
 1709 Marlborough defeats the French at the Battle of Malplaquet.
 1710 The Whig government falls and a Tory ministry is formed.
 1710 St Paul’s Cathedral, London, completed by Sir Christopher Wren
 1711 First race meeting held at Ascot
 1713 The Treaty of Utrecht is signed by Britain and France, bringing to an end the War of the Spanish Succession.
 1714 The Electress Sophia of Hanover dies, and her son George becomes heir to the throne. Queen Anne dies at Kensington Palace, at the age of 49.

Coins

1702 Coronation Medal

Eimer 390

Reverse: Pallas, standing, hurling thunder at a two-headed monster

BEFORE UNION WITH SCOTLAND

1703 VIGO Sixpence

S. 3590 Bull 1446 ESC 1582

ex DNW June 2016 Lot 332

 Slabbed and graded LCGS 82 (choice UNC)

1705 Shilling Plumes, second bust

S. 3588 Bull 1392 ESC 1135 (scarce)

Slabbed and graded LCGS 60 (EF)

1706 Crown QVINTO Roses and Plumes

S. 3578 Bull 1341 ESC 101

Rated as ‘R’ Rare in Bull / ESC

Slabbed and graded LCGS 30 (GF)

The incorporation of a ‘rose’ in the overall design was used to denote silver bullion originally supplied by mines from the West of England such as those in Bere Ferrers and Combe Martin (Devon), or Dulverton and Brushford on the Somerset border.

For the first time, both roses and plumes were used on the same coin. Plumes, in the angles on the reverse, indicate silver from Wales, roses and plumes for silver from the ‘Company for smelting down lead with Pitcoale and Seacole’. Often these designs together were referred to as ‘Quakers’ Money’ as amongst the owners of the mines, Quakers were very prominent.

1707 Halfcrown SEXTO Roses and Plumes

S. 3582 Bull 1362 ESC 573

Slabbed and graded CGS 25 (GF)

1707 Sixpence Roses and Plumes

S. 3594 Bull 1451 ESC 1586 (scarce)

AFTER UNION WITH SCOTLAND

1707 Crown SEPTIMO E Below Bust (Edinburgh Mint)

S. 3600 Bull 1344 ESC 103

Slabbed and graded LCGS 40 (VF)

1709 Shilling

S. 3610 Bull 1402 ESC 1154

Slabbed and graded LCGS 40 (VF)

1710 Shilling, third bust, roses and plumes

S. 3614

1713 Crown Roses and Plumes

S. 3603 Bull 1349 ESC 109

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A collection of predominantly English coins from the Tudor era to the present day

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