William and Mary, 1689-94

Key Events

 1689 William and Mary become joint King and Queen.
 1689 Parliament draws up the Declaration of Right detailing the unconstitutional acts of James II.
 1689 Bill of Rights is passed by Parliament. It stipulates that no Catholic can succeed to the throne, and also limits the powers of the Royal prerogative. The King or Queen cannot withhold laws passed by Parliament or levy taxes without Parliamentary consent.
 1689 Jacobite Highlanders rise in support of James and are victorious at Killiekrankie but are defeated a few months later at Dunkeld.
 1689 Catholic forces loyal to James II land in Ireland from France and lay siege to Londonderry.
 1690 William defeats James and French troops at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland. Scottish Jacobites defeated at Haughs of Cromdale
 1690 Anglo-Dutch naval force is defeated by the French at Beachy Head.
 1691 The Treaty of Limerick allows Catholics in Ireland to exercise their religion freely, but severe penal laws soon follow.
 1691 William offers the Scottish Highlanders a pardon for the Jacobite uprising if they sign allegiance him
 1692 Glencoe Massacre. MacDonalds are killed by Campbells for not signing the oath of allegiance
 1694 Bank of England founded by William Paterson
 1694 Death of Mary. William now rules alone.

Coins

1689 Half Crown first busts, first shield, caul and interior frosted, pearls

S. 3434 Bull 826 ESC 503

Slabbed and graded LCGS 35 (NVF)

1689 Half Crown first busts, second shield, caul only frosted, pearls

S. 3435 ESC 510

Slabbed and graded LCGS 50 (GVF)

1693 Half Crown

S. 3436 ESC 519

Slabbed and graded LCGS 40 (VF)

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A collection of predominantly English coins from the Tudor era to the present day

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