George III – Copper and bronze

Key Events

 1760 George III becomes king on the death of his grandfather, George II.
 1762 The Earl of Bute is appointed Prime Minister. Bute proves so unpopular that he needs to have a bodyguard.
 1763 Peace of Paris ends the Seven Years’ War.
 1765 Stamp Act raises taxes in American colonies.
 1766 William Pitt the Elder becomes prime minister
 1768 Richard Arkwright invents the spinning frame
 1769 Captain James Cook’s first voyage to explore the Pacific.
 1770 Lord North becomes Prime Minister.
 1770 James Cook lands in Botany Bay, South East Australia.
 1771 Encyclopaedia Britannica is first published.
 1772 John Harrisons H4 clock allows navigators to accurately measure longitude enabling long distance sea travel
 1772 Warren Hastings is appointed Governor General of India.
 1773 The world’s first cast-iron bridge is constructed over the River Severn at Coalbrookdale.
 1773 Boston Tea Party. American colonists protest against British taxes.
 1775 American War of Independence begins when colonists fight British troops at Lexington.
 1775 James Watt develops the steam engine.
 1776 On 4 July, the American Congress passes the Declaration of Independence.
 1780 Anti Catholic Gordon riots in London
 1781 Americans supported by the French fleet defeat British at Battle of Yorktown.
 1782 Ireland obtains a short-lived parliament.
 1783 On 3 Sept, The Treaty of Paris ends the American War of Independence. Britain recognizes American independence.
 1783 -1801 William Pitt the Younger serves as Prime Minister.
 1783 Robert (Robbie) Burns publishes his first book of poetry
 1788 George suffers his first attack of porphyria.
 1788 Colony of New South Wales established in Australia
 1789 Outbreak of the French Revolution. Storming of the Bastille.
 1791 Publication of James Boswell’s Life of Johnson and Thomas Paine’s Rights of Man.
 1793 King Louis XVI of France executed by guillotine
 1793 – 1802 War between Britain and France.
 1798 Nelson destroys French fleet at the Battle of the Nile
 1798 Wordsworth publishes Lyrical Ballads
 1798 Income Tax introduced
 1800 Act of Union with Ireland unites Parliaments of England and Ireland.
 1803 Beginning of Napoleonic Wars. Napoleon assembles a fleet for the invasion of England.
 1805 Nelson defeats French and Spanish fleets off Trafalgar, but is killed during the battle. Napoleon defeats the Russians at Austerlitz.
 1807 Slave Trade Act. William Wilberforce is successful in his campaign to abolish slave trade in the British Empire.
 1808 -1814 Peninsular War to drive the French out of Spain.
 1809 British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
 1810 Final illness of George III leads to his son becoming Regent in 1811.
 1812 Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated in the House of Commons by a disgruntled bankrupt
 1812 War of 1812 between the British and Americans. Several naval engagements. American forces stopped from invading Canada.
 1813 Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice is published.
 1813 Monopoly of the East India company is abolished
 1814 Napoleon defeated at Laon and Toulouse. He abdicates but returns from Elba.
 1815 The defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo marks the end the Napoleonic Wars.
 1815 Corn Laws passed by Parliament to protect British agriculture from cheap imports
 1818 The King’s wife, Queen Charlotte, dies.
 1818 Publication of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
 1819 Peterloo Massacre in Manchester, of political reform campaigners.
 1820 Death of King George Ill, aged 81 years


1770 Halfpenny

S. 3774 slabbed and graded LCGS 60 (EF)

1773 Farthing Obverse 2

S. 3775 Peck 913

Slabbed and graded CGS 65 (GEF)

1797 Twopence “Cartwheel”

S. 3776

1797 Penny “Cartwheel”, 10 leaves in wreath

S. 3777

1798 Retro Pattern Twopence

1799 Halfpenny 6 raised gunports

S. 3778

ex NGC MS 65 BN

Slabbed and graded CGS 80 (choice UNC)

1799 Farthing 3 Berries in Wreath

S. 3779 Peck 1279

Slabbed and graded LCGS 80 (Choice UNC)

1806 Penny, no incuse hair curl

S. 3780

1806 Halfpenny no berries

S. 3781

1806 Farthing

S. 3782

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A collection of predominantly English coins from the Tudor era to the present day

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