James VI of Scotland becomes King James I of England, Scotland, and Ireland after the death of Elizabeth I, uniting the thrones of Scotland and England.
The Millenary Petition is presented to James I. It expresses Puritan desires for reforms to the Church of England.
Plot against James to set his cousin Arabella Stuart on the throne. Sir Walter Raleigh is implicated and imprisoned.
The Somerset House Peace Conference results in peace between England and Spain.
The Hampton Court Conference fails to settle the doctrinal differences between the Anglican Church and its Puritan critics.
James proclaims that smoking is harmful to the lungs and imposes a tax on tobacco
Guy Fawkes and other Catholic dissidents attempt to blow up King and Parliament in The Gunpowder Plot. They are betrayed and arrested.
The Gunpowder plotters are executed. 120 colonists sail for America.
The Earls of Tyrone and Tyrconnel end their rebellion against English rule of Ireland and flee to Europe; Ulster is colonized by Protestant settlers from Scotland and England.
The English Parliament rejects Union with Scotland.
Common citizenship of English and Scottish persons is granted to those born after the accession of James VI of Scotland to the English throne.
Jamestown found in America by the Virginia company
Scottish and English Protestants are encouraged to settle in Ulster
Shakespeare completes the Sonnets.
The King James Authorized Version of the Bible is published.
Dissolution of the first Parliament of James I.
Arabella Stuart secretly marries William Seymour. When James finds out Seymour is imprisoned but escapes with Arabella. They are captured on the way to France and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Arabella starves herself to death there in 1615.
Henry, Prince of Wales, dies of typhoid. His younger brother, Charles, becomes heir to the throne.
Heretics are burned at the stake for the last time in England.
James’ daughter Elizabeth marries Frederick V, Elector of Palatine. Their descendants in House of Hanover will eventually inherit the British Throne.
The Globe Theatre in London burns during a performance of Henry VIII
Second Parliament of James I meets.
Scottish mathematician John Napier publishes his theory of logarithms simplifying calculations for navigators.
George Villiers becomes James’s favourite.
Playwright William Shakespeare dies.
Raleigh is released from prison to lead an expedition to Guiana in search of El Dorado
George Villiers becomes the Earl of Buckingham.
Raleigh fails in his expedition and on his return is executed for alleged treason at Westminster.
The Pilgrim Fathers set sail for America in the Mayflower. They land at Cape Cod and found New Plymouth.