|1658||Death of Oliver Cromwell. He is succeeded by his son Richard Cromwell|
|1659||Richard Cromwell is forced to resign. The Rump Parliament is restored.|
|1660||Charles II returns to England from Holland and is restored to the throne.|
|1662||Act of Uniformity compels Puritans to accept the doctrines of the Church of England or leave the church.|
|1662||Royal Society for the improvement of science founded|
|1664||England seizes the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, changing its name to New York.|
|1665||Outbreak of the Second Anglo-Dutch War.|
|1665||The Great Plague strikes London and over 60,000 die.|
|1666||The Great Fire of London rages for four days and three nights. Two thirds of central London is destroyed and 65,000 are left homeless.|
|1667||The Earl of Clarendon is replaced by a five-man Cabal.|
|1667||Paradise Lost by John Milton published|
|1667||A Dutch fleet sails up the River Medway captures the English flagship The Royal Charles and sinks three other great ships|
|1670||Secret Treaty of Dover, by which Charles agrees to declare himself a Catholic and restore Catholicism in England in return for secret subsidies from Louis XIV of France.|
|1670||Hudson Bay Company founded in North America|
|1671||Thomas Blood caught stealing the Crown Jewels|
|1672||Outbreak of the Third Dutch War.|
|1673||Test Act keeps Roman Catholics out of political office.|
|1674||Death of John Milton|
|1674||Peace made with the Dutch|
|1675||Royal Observatory founded at Greenwich|
|1677||John Bunyan publishes The Pilgrims Progress.|
|1678||The Popish Plot is fabricated by Titus Oates. He alleges a Catholic plot to murder the King and restore Catholicism. The Government over-reacts, and many Catholic subjects are persecuted.|
|1679||Exclusion Bill attempts to exclude James, Charles’s Catholic brother, from the succession.|
|1679||Habeas Corpus act passed which forbids imprisonment without trial|
|1682||Pennsylvania founded in America by William Penn|
|1683||The Rye House Plot a conspiracy to kill Charles and his brother James and return to parliamentary rule is uncovered.|
|1685||Charles is received into the Roman Catholic Church on his deathbed.|
1661 Official Coronation Medal by Thomas Simon
Excerpt From Samuel Pepys Diaries:
The Coronation of Charles II, April 23rd 1661
… about 4 in the morning I rose.
And got to the abby, where I fallowed Sir J. Denham the surveyour with some company that he was leading in. And with much ado, by the favour of Mr. Cooper his man, did get up into a great scaffold across the north end of the abby – where with a great deal of patience I sat from past 4 till 11 before the King came in. And a pleasure it was to see the Abbey raised in the middle, all covered with red and throne (that is a chaire) and footstoole on the top of it. And all the officers of all kinds, so much as the very fidlers, in red vests.
At last comes in the Deane and prebends of Westminster with the Bishops (many of them in cloth-of-glod Copes); and after them the nobility all in their parliament-robes, which was a most magnificent sight. Then the Duke and the King with a scepter (carried by my Lord of Sandwich) and Sword and mond before him, and the crowne too.
The King in his robes, bare headed, which was very fine. And after all had placed themselfs – there was a sermon and the service. And then in the Quire at the high altar he passed all the ceremonies of the Coronacion – which, to my very great grief, I and most of the Abbey could not see. The crowne being put upon his head, a great shout begun. And he came forth to the Throne and there passed more ceremonies: as, taking the oath and having things read to him by the Bishopp, and his lords (who put on their capps as soon as the King put on his Crowne) and Bishopps came and kneeled before him.
And three times the King-at-armes went to the three open places on the scaffold and proclaimed that if any one could show any reason why Ch.Steward should not be King of England, that now he should come and speak.
And a Generall pardon also was read by the Lord Chancellor; and meddalls flung up and down by my Lord Cornwallis – of silver; but I could not come by any.
1662 Marriage Badge
1660-61 Halfcrown, third hammered issue
Ex Baldwins Fixed Price List
1662 Crown First bust, stop above, rose below
Edge Undated, Stop after HIB.
S. 3350 Bull 340 ESC 15A
S. 3371 Bull 500 ESC 1022
Slabbed and graded CGS 45 (GVF)
1666 Crown Second bust variety with Elephant below. Extra stop in RE.X.
S. 3356 Bull 369 ESC 34 Rated R2 (very rare)
Slabbed and graded LCGS 30 (GF)
Ex Croydon Coin Auction No.59 (70) and Alan Barr, Part III, Mark Rasmussen, List 8, Summer 2005 (C421) (£750), Mark Rasmussen, List 22 (22/C63) (£1500)
1667 Crown Second bust variety, edge date in Roman words
Edge reads AN – REG – DECIMO NONO
S. 3357 Bull 372 ESC 35A (scarce)
1674 Shilling, second bust, plume below, rev. similar, plume in centre
S. 3376 Bull 526 ESC 1040 [R2] (very rare)
ex Mark Rasmussen 31/C652
ex Mark Rasmussen 22/C322
S. 3382 Bull 566 ESC 1512
Slabbed and graded CGS 50 (GVF)