Victoria, 1837-1901 – Copper and Bronze

Key Events

 1837 Victoria succeeds her uncle, William IV
 1838 Publication of People’s Charter. Start of Chartism.
 1839 First Afghan War. British Forces capture the fortress of Ghazi in Afghanistan.
 1839 – 42 First Opium War.
 1840 Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
 1840 The Penny Post is introduced. First postage stamp is the Penny Black.
 1840 First colonist settlement in New Zealand
 1841 Sir Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister
 1842 End of First Opium War. Britain gains Hong Kong
 1843 Launch of SS Great Britain the worlds first all metal ship.
 1844 Railway building mania starts. 5,000 miles of track are built in Britain by 1846
 1845 – 1849 Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people. Many emigrate to America.
 1846 Repeal of the Corn Laws
 1848 Major Chartist demonstration in London.
 1848 Pre-Raphaelite movement begins
 1849 Harrods store in London is opened
 1851 Great Exhibition takes place in Hyde Park. Its success is largely due to Prince Albert.
 1852 Death of the Duke of Wellington
 1853 Vaccination against smallpox made compulsory.
 1853 Victoria uses chloroform during the birth of Prince Leopold.
 1854 -1856 Crimean War fought by Britain and France against Russia.
 1854 Charge of the Light Brigade
 1854 10,000 die of cholera from contaminated water in London.
 1856 The Victoria Cross is instituted for military bravery.
 1856 David Livingstone discovers the Victoria Falls
 1857 -1858 Indian Mutiny against British rule.
 1858 Isambard Kingdom Brunel launches The Great Eastern, the largest ship in the world and the first with a double iron hull.
 1858 First trans-Atlantic telegraph service
 1859 Publication of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of the Species.
 1861 Prince Albert dies of typhoid
 1861 – 65 Civil War in America. Southern states unsuccessfully seek to involve Britain which has sufficient cotton from Egypt and India, but needs the Union North’s grain.
 1863 The world’s first underground railway is opened in London
 1863 Edward, Prince of Wales, marries Alexandra of Denmark
 1863 The Salvation Army is founded.
 1863 The Football Association is founded.
 1865 Slavery is ended in America with Northern Union victory in the American Civil War
 1867 The Second Reform Bill doubles the franchise vote to two million.
 1867 Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the Empire.
 1867 Karl Marx publishes the first volume of Das Kapital
 1868 Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the first time.
 1869 The Irish Church is disestablished.
 1870 First Education Act. Primary education becomes compulsory.
 1870 Death of Charles Dickens
 1871 Trade Unions are legalized
 1872 Secret voting is introduced for elections.
 1872 Henry Stanley finds David Livingstone who had been missing in Africa.
 1874 Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the second time.
 1875 Suez Canal shares purchased for Britain.
 1875 Thomas Moy demonstrates his Aerial Steamer the worlds first flying machine at Crystal Palace, London
 1876 Victoria becomes Empress of India.
 1876 Scots Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone
 1878 Second Afghan War. British defend the Kyber Pass.
 1878 William Booths Christian movement adopts the name The Salvation Army
 1879 Tay Bridge disaster
 1879 Zulu war, British troops massacred at Isandlwana and Rorkes Drift
 1880 Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as Prime Minister
 1880 – 1881 First conflict with Boers in South Africa
 1883 British occupy Egypt
 1884 Third Reform Act all adult males given the vote.
 1884 Greenwich Meridian and Mean Time adopted
 1886 First Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass House of Commons. Gladstone resigns as Prime Minister.
 1887 Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee. She has ruled for 50 years.
 1887 Independent Labour Party is founded.
 1891 Free schooling is introduced. 11 years later school attendance becomes compulsory for all children.
 1893 Second Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass the House of Lords.
 1897 Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.
 1897 Marconi demonstrates wireless transmission across the Bristol Channel
 1899 -1902 Boer War in South Africa. Siege of Mafeking
 1900 Labour party founded
 1901 Queen Victoria dies, aged 81.

Copper and Bronze Coins


1839 Quarter Farthing issued for use in Ceylon

S. 3953 Peck 1608

Slabbed and graded LCGS 82 (choice UNC)

The British quarter farthing (1⁄16d) coin was a unit of currency equalling one sixteenth of a penny (1⁄3,840 of a pound sterling). It was produced for circulation in Ceylon in various years between 1839 and 1853. It is the smallest denomination of pound sterling coin ever minted. The coin is considered to be part of British coinage because it has no indication of what country it was minted for, being made in the same style as the contemporary half-farthing which was legal tender in Britain between 1842 and 1869

1841 Halfpenny

S. 3949 Peck 1524

Slabbed and graded LCGS 85 (choice UNC)

1844 Half Farthing

S. 3951 Peck 1594

Slabbed and graded LCGS 80 (choice UNC)

1847 Half Farthing

S. 3951

1854 Penny

S. 3948 Plain Trident

1854 Penny

S. 3948 Ornamental Trident DEF — :

D of DEF over a lower, broken D

Slabbed and graded CGS 80 (choice UNC)

Joint finest known as at 15/06/2021

1858 Halfpenny second 8 over 6

S. 3949 Peck 1547

Slabbed and graded LCGS 85 (choice UNC)

Finest known 1/9 as at 15/06/2021

Ex NGC Ms 64 RB


1860 Farthing

S. 3958 F. 499

Toothed boarder 2+B 4 berries

Slabbed and graded CGS 85 (choice UNC)

Joint finest known 1/11 as at 15/06/2021

1862 Farthing

S. 3958 F. 507

1873 Farthing

S. 3958 F. 524

1875 Farthing Heaton Mint

S. 3959 F. 532

1878 Third Farthing (for use in Malta)

S. 3960 Peck 1933

Slabbed and graded LCGS 88 (choice UNC)

Finest known 1/6 as at 15/06/2021

1882 Farthing Heaton Mint

S. 3959

Slabbed and graded CGS 82 (Choice UNC)

Perfect F in F:D:

1882 Farthing Heaton Mint

S. 3959 F. 549

Broken F in F:D:

1887 Penny (for sale)

S. 3954 Freeman 125

Slabbed and graded CGS 80 (Choice UNC)

1891 Penny (for sale)

S. 3954 Gouby BP1891AB

Slabbed LCGS 75 (UNC or near so)

1891 Penny dies 12 + N

S. 3954 F. 132

Slabbed CGS 80 (Choice UNC)

ex. Dr. Findlow Hall of Fame Pennies

1891 Halfpenny

S. 3956 F. 364

1896 Halfpenny Dies 1 + B

S. 3062 F. 372

Slabbed and grade CGS 78 (UNC)

1897 Penny Dies 1 + B

S. 3961 F. 145

Slabbed and graded LCGS 82 (Choice UNC)

1901 Farthing, Mint darkened

A collection of predominantly English coins from the Tudor era to the present day

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